The Smurfs (French: Les Schtroumpfs) are cartoon characters and were designed in 1958 by the Belgian illustrator and author Pierre Culliford (1928-1992), also known as "Peyo". Initially as minor characters for his comic series Johan et Pirlouit. The German company Schleich has been producing the Smurfs since 1965. In the 70s (until 1980) also the Bullyland company produced Smurfs, besides Schleich. The size of a Smurf figures is about 4-5 cm (height).